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CODE: 19005A
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TITLE: Government Service Executives

DEFINITION: Determine and formulate policies and provide overall direction of Federal, State, local, or international government activities. Plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate managers.



    1. Directs organization charged with administering and monitoring regulated activities to interpret and clarify laws and ensure compliance with laws.

    2. Administers, interprets, and explains policies, rules, regulations, and laws to organizations and individuals under authority of commission or applicable legislation.

    3. Develops, plans, organizes, and administers policies and procedures for organization to ensure administrative and operational objectives are met.

    4. Directs and coordinates activities of workers in public organization to ensure continuing operations, maximize returns on investments, and increase productivity.

    5. Prepares budget and directs and monitors expenditures of department funds.

    6. Directs and conducts studies and research, and prepares reports and other publications relating to operational trends and program objectives and accomplishments.

    7. Consults with staff and others in government, business, and private organizations to discuss issues, coordinate activities, and resolve problems.

    8. Negotiates contracts and agreements with federal and state agencies and other organizations and prepares budget for funding and implementation of programs.

    9. Evaluates findings of investigations, surveys, and studies to formulate policies and techniques and recommend improvements for personnel actions, programs, or business services.

    10. Implements corrective action plan to solve problems.

    11. Directs, coordinates, and conducts activities between United States Government and foreign entities to provide information to promote international interest and harmony.

    12. Reviews and analyzes legislation, laws, and public policy and recommends changes to promote and support interests of general population, as well as special groups.

    13. Prepares, reviews, and submits reports concerning activities, expenses, budget, government statutes and rulings, and other items affecting business or program services.

    14. Develops, directs, and coordinates testing, hiring, training, and evaluation of staff personnel.

    15. Conducts or directs investigations or hearings to resolve complaints and violations of laws.

    16. Establishes and maintains comprehensive and current record keeping system of activities and operational procedures in business office.

    17. Plans, promotes, organizes, and coordinates public community service program and maintains cooperative working relationships among public and agency participants.

    18. Delivers speeches, writes articles, and presents information for organization at meetings or conventions to promote services, exchange ideas, and accomplish objectives.

    19. Participates in activities to promote business and expand services, and provides technical assistance in conducting of conferences, seminars, and workshops.

    20. Testifies in court, before control or review board, or at legislature.

    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    92 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    92 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    75 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    71 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    71 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    67 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    58 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    58 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    54 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    50 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    46 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    42 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    38 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    29 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    29 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    29 Foreign Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation

    25 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    17 History and Archeology
    Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures

    17 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    13 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    13 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    8 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    96 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    92 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    92 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    92 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    88 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    88 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    88 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    88 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    83 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    83 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    83 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    83 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    83 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    83 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    79 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    79 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    79 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    79 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    79 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    75 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    75 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    75 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    71 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    71 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    71 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    63 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    63 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    50 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    50 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    42 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    42 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    42 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    38 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    38 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    17 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    17 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    17 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    8 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems .

    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    100 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    96 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    96 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    83 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    83 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    79 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    75 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    71 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    67 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    67 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    67 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    67 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    67 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    63 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    58 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    50 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    42 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    42 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    42 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    42 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    33 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    33 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    33 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    29 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    25 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    21 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    21 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    21 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    21 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    21 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    17 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    17 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    8 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    8 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    8 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    4 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    4 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    4 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    4 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    4 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    4 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    92 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    92 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    92 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    92 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    92 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    88 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    88 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    88 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    88 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    88 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    83 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    83 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    79 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    79 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    79 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    79 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    75 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    75 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    75 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    75 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    71 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    71 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    71 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    71 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    71 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    67 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    67 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    63 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    58 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    58 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    54 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    54 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    29 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    21 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    8 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    4 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    4 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    88 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    80 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    80 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    77 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    75 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    75 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    73 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    69 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    67 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    61 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    61 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    60 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    60 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    58 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    56 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    54 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    50 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    50 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    47 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    39 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    38 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    29 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    21 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    21 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    21 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    17 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    17 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    17 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    13 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    13 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    13 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    13 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    13 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    10 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    10 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    7 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    4 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    4 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    4 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    4 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    4 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    2 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    78 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    67 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    33 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    22 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    17 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    75 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    75 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    72 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    70 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    50 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    49 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    88 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    81 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    78 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    78 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    78 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    78 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    75 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    75 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    75 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    75 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    72 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    72 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    69 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    63 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    59 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    53 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    50 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    47 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    47 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    41 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    28 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 188167030 Director, Financial Responsibility Division
    188117094 Director, Unemployment Insurance
    188117098 District Customs Director
    188117102 Economic Development Coordinator
    188117106 Foreign-Service Officer
    188117110 Housing-Management Officer
    188117114 Manager, City
    188117118 Police Commissioner I
    188117126 Welfare Director
    188117134 Director, Regulatory Agency
    188137010 Supervisor
    188167014 Assessor-Collector, Irrigation Tax
    188167018 Chief Warden
    050117010 Director, Employment Research and Planning
    188167062 Park Superintendent
    079167010 Community-Services-and-Health-Education Officer
    137137010 Director, Translation
    188167102 Traffic-Safety Administrator
    188167098 Superintendent, Sanitation
    188167082 Secretary of State
    188167022 Director of Vital Statistics
    188167070 Relocation Commissioner
    188167026 Director, Classification and Treatment
    188167054 Federal Aid Coordinator
    188117050 Director, Consumer Affairs
    188167046 District Customs Director, Deputy
    188167042 Director, State-Assessed Properties
    188167034 Director, Safety Council
    188117082 Director, Medical Facilities Section
    188167078 Roads Supervisor
    186117022 Deputy Insurance Commissioner
    375117010 Police Chief
    188117046 Director, Compliance
    188117042 Director, Arts-and-Humanities Council
    188117038 Director, Agricultural Services
    188117034 Director, Aeronautics Commission
    188117030 Commissioner, Public Works
    188117026 Commissioner, Conservation of Resources
    188117022 Civil Preparedness Officer
    188117018 Chief, Fishery Division
    188117014 Business-Enterprise Officer
    375167026 Harbor Master
    187117054 Superintendent, Recreation
    373117010 Fire Chief
    379137018 Wildlife Agent, Regional
    188117090 Director, Revenue
    185167062 Supervisor, Liquor Stores and Agencies
    188117054 Director, Correctional Agency
    169117010 Executive Secretary, State Board of Nursing
    188117058 Director, Council On Aging
    168167090 Manager, Regulated Program
    188117062 Director, Field Representatives
    199167022 Environmental Analyst
    195167042 Alcohol-and-drug-Abuse-Assistance Program Administrator
    188117066 Director, Labor Standards
    188117070 Director, Law Enforcement
    188117074 Director, Licensing and Registration
    188117078 Director, Employment Services
    188167058 Manager, Office
    187117018 Director, Institution
    188167050 Election Assistant

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 004 Chief Executives and General Administrators, Public Administ
    006 Administrators, Protective Services
    022 Managers and Administrators, N.E.C.
    005 Administrators and Officials, Public Administration

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 020401 Plant Sciences, General
    030203 Natural Resources Law Enforcement and Protective Services
    020409 Range Science and Management
    500704 Arts Management
    520201 Business Administration and Management, General
    030101 Natural Resources Conservation, General
    030102 Environmental Science/Studies
    510301 Community Health Liaison
    430202 Fire Services Administration
    440201 Community Organization, Resources and Services
    440401 Public Administration
    080705 General Retailing Operations
    030601 Wildlife and Wildlands Management
    511501 Alcohol/drug Abuse Counseling
    450601 Economics, General
    310301 Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management
    430107 Law Enforcement/Police Science
    450901 International Relations and Affairs
    450605 International Economics
    450604 Development Economics and International Development
    500701 Art, General
    420601 Counseling Psychology
    430102 Corrections/Correctional Administration
    430103 Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration
    512202 Environmental Health
    520901 Hospitality/Administration Management

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 030102 Managerial Work: Plants and Animals: Specialty Breeding
    110102 Mathematics and Statistics: Data Analysis
    050201 Managerial Work: Mechanical: Systems
    110503 Business Administration: Management Services: Government
    040101 Safety and Law Enforcement: Managing
    040102 Safety and Law Enforcement: Investigating
    050202 Managerial Work: Mechanical: Maintenance and Construction
    111002 Regulations Enforcement: Individual Rights
    110703 Services Administration: Education Services
    110702 Services Administration: Health and Safety Services
    110704 Services Administration: Recreation Services
    110701 Services Administration: Social Services
    111001 Regulations Enforcement: Finance
    111004 Regulations Enforcement: Immigration and Customs
    111003 Regulations Enforcement: Health and Safety
    110903 Promotion: Public Relations

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 4250 Public Works Officer
    3535 Special Services Officer
    3412 Brig Officer
    8675 Squadron Department Head
    2775 Law Enforcement and Security Officer, Shore Activity
    2715 Disaster Preparedness Officer
    2775 Law Enforcement and Security Officer, Shore Activity
    2240 Language Officer
    48D South Asia
    48J Africa, South of the Sahara
    48F China
    48C Europe
    48G Mideast/North Africa
    48B Latin America
    48I Southeast Asia
    48A Foreign Area, General
    48H Northeast Asia
    21D Facilities/Contract Construction Management Engineer (FCCME)
    39B Psychological Operations
    39A PSYOP or CA, General
    38A Civil Affairs, General
    31A Military Police General
    3M091 Services
    EK Marine Environment-Harbor Safety Officer
    39C Civil Affairs
    1N390 Cryptologic Linguist
    48E Eurasia
    98G Voice Interceptor
    97L Translator/Interpreter
    HL Operations-Law Enforcement Boarding Officer
    JM Personnel-Collateral Duty Alcohol Abuse Represent.
    97E Interrogator
    73 Readiness
    77 Law Enforcement
    39X Psychological Operations and Civil Affairs, Designated
    4430 Legal Administrative Officer
    9945 Foreign Area Officer-Sub-Saharan Africa
    9946 Foreign Area Officer-Southwest Asia
    32E1D Civil Engineer
    32E3H Civil Engineer
    32E3J Civil Engineer
    32E1K Civil Engineer
    8538 Substance Abuse Counselor
    71S4 Special Investigations
    71S3 Special Investigations
    9947 Foreign Area Officer-Western Europe
    32E1E Civil Engineer
    32E1J Civil Engineer
    32E3G Civil Engineer
    32E3A Civil Engineer
    9913 Special Services Officer
    9944 Foreign Area Officer-Middle East/North Africa
    9943 Foreign Area Officer-Pples Republic Of China
    32E3B Civil Engineer
    9942 Foreign Area Officer-Former Soviet Union
    9941 Foreign Area Officer-Latin America
    CTI Cryptologic Technicians (Interpretive)
    32E3C Civil Engineer
    32E3D Civil Engineer
    32E3F Civil Engineer
    5804 Corrections Officer
    32E3E Civil Engineer
    0251 Interrogation/Translation Specialist
    9941 Foreign Area Officer-Latin America
    5801 Basic Military Police and Corrections Officer
    9948 Foreign Area Officer-East Asia
    9944 Foreign Area Officer-Middle East/North Africa
    9943 Foreign Area Officer-Pples Republic of China
    9942 Foreign Area Officer-Former Soviet Union
    32E1H Civil Engineer
    32E1C Civil Engineer
    71S1 Special Investigations
    0107 Civil Affairs Officer
    32E1F Civil Engineer
    32E4 Civil Engineer
    9676 International Relations Officer
    16A4 Air Attach�
    32E1G Civil Engineer
    9913 Special Services Officer
    32E1B Civil Engineer
    9949 Foreign Area Officer-Eastern Europe
    9947 Foreign Area Officer-Western Europe
    16P1 International Politico-Military Affairs
    1120 Utilities Officer
    32E3K Civil Engineer
    43H4 Public Health
    16P3 International Politico-Military Affairs
    43H3 Public Health
    31P4 Security Police
    32E1A Civil Engineer
    43H1 Public Health
    5803 Military Police Officer
    1101 Basic Utilities Officer
    9949 Foreign Area Officer-Eastern Europe (Excluding Former Soviet Union)
    1101 Basic Utilities Officer
    31P3 Security Police
    16P4 International Politico-Military Affairs
    9522 Navy drug and Alcohol Counselor Intern
    9946 Foreign Area Officer-Southwest Asia
    9945 Foreign Area Officer-Sub-Saharan Africa
    16A1 Air Attach�
    9948 Foreign Area Officer-East Asia (Excluding Pples Republic Of China)

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 19002 Public Admin Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 1161 Crop Insurance Administration
    0670 Health System Administration
    0006 Correctional Institution Administration
    1854 Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Inspection
    1220 Patent Administration
    1101 General Business and Industry
    0083 Police
    1040 Language Specialist
    0023 Outdoor Recreation Planning
    1001 General Arts and Information
    1169 Internal Revenue Officer
    1149 Wage and Hour Law Administration
    1720 Education Program
    1801 General Inspection, Investigation, and Compliance
    1725 Public Health Educator
    1750 Instructional Systems
    0105 Social Insurance Administration
    1601 General Facilities and Equipment
    0347 GAO Evaluator
    0130 Foreign Affairs
    0301 Miscellaneous Administration and Program

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 11-1011 Chief Executives

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