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TITLE: Intermediate Hand Workers
DEFINITION: Workers who manually perform handwork which usually requires three months to two years to obtain proficiency. Perform the same or similar process for multiple items or the same items. (Note: Workers do not perform all tasks; job activity is represented by one or two task statements.)
1. Cleans, presses, or dyes articles, such as clothing, rugs, or furnishings, to improve appearance, using hand tools or hand operated equipment.
2. Assembles parts and materials of metal, wood, and plastic, according to specifications using hand tools.
3. Shapes material by cumulative addition of material to build up original mass and presses material into shape.
4. Sorts, weighs, or packages materials.
5. Embroiders or hand sews designs over stamped or stenciled patterns on fabric.
6. Stretches, bends, straightens, shapes, pounds, or presses metal or plastic, according to specifications using hand tools.
7. Joins parts together and fastens with sticky substances, such as cement, glue, paste, gum, or other adhesives, or caulks seams.
8. Threads or pulls cables or lines through ducts or fabric seams.
9. Folds fabrics to make pleats or to pack parachutes.
10. Punches symbols in perforated tape or notches in negative film, using electric tape puncher, film footage counter, and hand holder.
11. Smoothes and finishes materials such as leather or bisque ware.
12. Stacks or arranges products, such as blocks, bricks, pipe, and roofing tile, in specified patterns.
13. Positions and aligns materials and parts in preparation for assembly or other production processes such as grinding.
14. Mixes or blends materials in solid, fluid, semi-fluid, and gaseous states, according to formula.
15. Determines style and size of standard patterns, and gathers and assembles specified materials and accessories in preparation for next procedure.
16. Sharpens objects, such as buhrstones in grain grinding mills, using sharpening tools.
17. Fills containers, such as thermostat bellows or illuminated sign tubing, with gas or liquid.
18. Converts fiber raw stock into yarn and thread, or interlaces and works yarns to form woven, nonwoven, knitted, and tufted fabrics.
19. Removes metals, such gold, platinum, and palladium, from objects such as dentures and extracted teeth, using furnace, retort, and laboratory equipment.
20. Prepares products for use, such as burning interior of barrel to be used for aging whiskey.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
58 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
46 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
29 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
21 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
8 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
4 Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures
4 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
75 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
50 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
45 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
35 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
35 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
35 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
30 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
30 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
Using mathematics to solve problems
25 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
25 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
25 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
25 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
25 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
25 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
20 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
20 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
20 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
20 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
15 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
15 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
15 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
Talking to others to effectively convey information
Using scientific methods to solve problems
10 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
10 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
10 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
10 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
10 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
10 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
5 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
Persuading others to approach things differently
Teaching others how to do something
5 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
75 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
75 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
70 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
65 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
60 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
55 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
45 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
45 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
40 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
40 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
40 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
40 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
40 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
40 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
40 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
35 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
35 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
35 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
35 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
30 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
30 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
30 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
30 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
25 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
25 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
25 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
25 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
25 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
25 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
20 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
20 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
20 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
20 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
20 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
20 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
20 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
15 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
15 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
15 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
10 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
10 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
10 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
5 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
5 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
96 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
71 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
67 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
67 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
63 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
58 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
50 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
50 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
46 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
46 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
42 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
38 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
38 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
33 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
33 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
25 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
25 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
21 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
17 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
13 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
13 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
8 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
8 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
8 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
8 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
4 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
4 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
4 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
4 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
95 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
95 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
75 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
65 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
64 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
64 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
64 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
55 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
55 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
50 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
50 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
47 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
45 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
45 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
40 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
34 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
32 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
30 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
29 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
28 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
25 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
25 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
25 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
20 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
20 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
20 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
20 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
17 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
17 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
16 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
16 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
15 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?
15 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
12 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
10 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
10 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
10 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
9 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
9 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
8 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
7 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
5 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
5 (F) Whole Body Vibration
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Whole body vibration (e.g., operating a jackhammer or earthmoving equipment)?
5 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?
5 (F) High Places
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
4 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
4 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
4 (D) High Places
If injury, due to exposure to high places, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
3 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
3 (L) High Places
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to high places while performing this job? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
54 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
47 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
46 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
38 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
26 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
18 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
88 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
63 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job do their work alone
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job have steady employment
50 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
50 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
47 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
41 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
19 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
6 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
728684014 Electrical-Line Splicer
795684014 Edge Stripper
781684066 Material Assembler
806684086 Mold Laminator
843684010 Steel-Plate Caulker
736684026 Barrel Straightener I
801684014 Pattern Gater
763684054 Leather Tooler
781287010 Clothing-Pattern Preparer
912684010 Parachute Rigger
763684074 Table-Top Tile Setter
782684018 Embroiderer, Hand
764684014 Barrel Charrer
782684034 Knitter, Hand
739384010 Diamond Mounter
829684018 Cable Puller
780684110 Tester, Convertible Sofa Bedspring
789684018 Canopy Stringer
824684010 Neon-Tube Pumper
788684022 Blemish Remover
806684142 Running Rigger
788684062 Heel-Seat Fitter, Hand
790684022 Roller, Hand
739684022 Brush Material Preparer
976684010 Density Control Puncher
862684010 Junction Maker
739684118 Mannequin Mounter
794684026 Papier Mache Molder
774684010 Bisque Cleaner
726684010 Capacitor-Pack-Press Operator
790684014 Cigar Maker
520684010 Almond-Paste Molder
502664010 Blast-Furnace Keeper
362684018 Fur Cleaner, Hand
369384014 Rug Cleaner, Hand
364684018 Sprayer, Leather
017684010 Taper, Printed Circuit Layout
526684010 Doughnut Maker
529687122 Kiss Setter, Hand
570683010 Dry-Pan Charger
570484010 Mixer, Diamond Powder
709484014 Straightener, Hand
583684010 Pleater, Hand
710684014 Bellows Filler
559684030 Hat-Finishing-Materials Preparer
590684030 Material Preparation Worker
550584010 Flux Mixer
629684014 Miller, Head, Assistant, Wet Process
590464010 Processor, Solid Propellant
700684062 Preparer, Samples and Repairs
550684010 Coagulating-Bath Mixer
683684030 Weaver, Hand Loom
687684010 Rug Hooker
659684010 Die Mounter
709684090 Tube Bender, Hand I
700684058 Preparer, Making Department
683684014 Drawer-In, Hand
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
0433 RUG CLEANER, HAND
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
715 Miscellaneous Metal, Plastic, Stone and Glass Working Machin
547 Specified Mechanics and Repairers, N.E.C.
795 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations
786 Hand Cutting and Trimming Occupations
787 Hand Molding, Casting, and Forming Occupations
733 Miscellaneous Woodworking Machine Operators
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
470105 Industrial Electronics Installer and Repairer
480501 Machinist/Machine Technologist
460101 Mason and Tile Setter
200303 Commercial Garment and Apparel Worker
510603 Dental Laboratory Technician
460501 Plumber and Pipefitter
480503 Machine Shop Assistant
480304 Shoe, Boot and Leather Repairer
120501 Baker/Pastry Chef
200309 Drycleaner and Launderer (Commercial)
480599 Precision Metal Workers, Other
460301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installer, General
500711 Ceramics Arts and Ceramics
500712 Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts
120503 Culinary Arts/Chef Training
410301 Chemical Tech./Technician
200301 Clothing, Apparel and Textile Workers and Managers, General
150607 Plastics Tech./Technician
489999 Precision Production Trades, Other
470101 Electrical and Electronics Equipment Installer and Repairer,
480201 Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator, General
480399 Leatherworkers and Upholsterers, Other
480208 Printing Press Operator
470408 Watch, Clock and Jewelry Repairer
500201 Crafts, Folk Art and Artisanry
500701 Art, General
120505 Kitchen Personnel/Cook and Assistant Training
100103 Photographic Tech./Technician
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
060436 Elemental Work: Industrial: Filling
060227 Production Work: Manual Work, Textile, Fabric and Leather
060230 Production Work: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
060410 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Metal Processing
060424 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
060411 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Chemical Processing
060231 Production Work: Manual Work, Laying Out and Marking
060228 Production Work: Manual Work, Food Processing
060428 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Food Processing
060435 Elemental Work: Industrial: Laundering, Dry Cleaning
060440 Elemental Work: Industrial: Loading, Moving, Hoisting, and Conveying
060418 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Wood Processing
060434 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Assorted Materials
060430 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
060426 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Paper
060232 Production Work: Manual Work, Assorted Materials
060432 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Casting and Molding
060427 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Textile, Fabric and Leather
060433 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Brushing, Spraying, and Coati
060302 Quality Control: Inspecting, Grading, Sorting, Weighing, and Recording
060438 Elemental Work: Industrial: Wrapping and Packaging
051003 Crafts: Electrical-Electronic
050302 Engineering Technology: Drafting
050510 Craft Technology: Electrical-Electronic Equipment Repair
060206 Production Work: Machine Work, Textiles
060224 Production Work: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
060222 Production Work: Manual Work, Assembly Large Parts
051005 Crafts: Reproduction
060226 Production Work: Manual Work, Paper
051214 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Painting, Caulking, and Coating
051216 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Electrical Work
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
ASM Aviation Survivalman
2A774 Survival Equipment
2A734 Survival Equipment
921A Airdrop Systems Technician
2A754 Survival Equipment
2A714 Survival Equipment
7353 Special Operations Parachute Rigger
PR Aircrew Survival Equipmentmen
6060 Flight Equipment Marine
0451 Air Delivery Specialist
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
98999 Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
7010 Parachute Packing
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||