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CODE: 89514
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TITLE: Spotters, Dry Cleaning

DEFINITION: Identify stains in wool, synthetic, and silk garments and household fabrics and apply chemical solutions to remove stain. Determine spotting procedures on basis of type of fabric and nature of stain.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Inspects spots to ascertain composition and select solvent.

    2. Sprinkles chemical solvents over stain and pats area with brush or sponge until stain is removed.

    3. Applies bleaching powder to spot, and sprays with steam to remove stains from certain fabrics which do not respond to other cleaning solvents.

    4. Applies chemicals to neutralize effect of solvents.

    5. Sprays steam, water, or air over spot to flush out chemicals, dry material, raise nap, or brighten color.

    6. Cleans fabric using vacuum or airhose.

    7. Mixes bleaching agent with hot water in vats and soaks material until it is bleached.

    8. Spreads article on worktable and positions stain over vacuum head or on marble slab.

    9. Operates drycleaning machine.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    71 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    54 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    29 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    25 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    17 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    13 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    13 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    8 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    8 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    4 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    4 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    4 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    4 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    4 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    4 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    67 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    58 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    54 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    54 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    54 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    46 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    46 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    46 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    42 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    42 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    42 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    42 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    42 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    33 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    33 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    25 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    25 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    21 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    21 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    21 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    21 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    17 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    13 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    13 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    13 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    13 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    13 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    13 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    13 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    8 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    8 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    8 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    4 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    4 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    4 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    4 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    55 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    50 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    45 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    45 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    40 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    35 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    35 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    35 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    30 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    25 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    25 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    25 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    25 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    20 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    20 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    20 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    20 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    20 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    15 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    15 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    15 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    15 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    15 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    15 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    15 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    10 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    10 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    10 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    10 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    10 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    10 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    10 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    10 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    10 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    10 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    10 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    5 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    5 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    5 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    5 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    5 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    5 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    5 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    75 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    67 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    63 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    58 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    54 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    50 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    50 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    46 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    46 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    42 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    29 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    29 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    25 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    21 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    17 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    17 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    13 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    13 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    13 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    13 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    8 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    8 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    4 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    4 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    4 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    4 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    4 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    88 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    69 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    69 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    63 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    60 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    55 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    55 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    50 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    44 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    44 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    38 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    38 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    38 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    38 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    38 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    36 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    35 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    32 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    31 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    31 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    25 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    25 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    25 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    25 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    25 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    21 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    20 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    20 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    19 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    19 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    19 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    18 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    15 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    13 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    13 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    11 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    10 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    7 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    6 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    6 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    5 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    5 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    5 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    4 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    4 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    83 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    39 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    22 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    22 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    11 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    52 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    49 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    46 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    30 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    28 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    23 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    81 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    66 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    59 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    56 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    53 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    50 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    44 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    44 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    38 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    34 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    34 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    31 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    31 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    31 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    31 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    28 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    25 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    25 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    25 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    19 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    9 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 780687058 Upholstery Cleaner
    361684018 Spotter I
    362381010 Spotter II
    582684014 Spot Cleaner

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 748 Laundering and Dry Cleaning Machine Operators

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 200301 Clothing, Apparel and Textile Workers and Managers, General
    200309 Drycleaner and Launderer (Commercial)

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 060227 Production Work: Manual Work, Textile, Fabric and Leather

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): No crosswalks

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers


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