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TITLE: Commercial and Industrial Designers
DEFINITION: Develop and design manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and children's toys. Combine artistic talent with research on product use, marketing, and materials, to create the most functional and appealing product design.
1. Confers with engineering, marketing, production, or sales department, or customer to establish design concepts for manufactured products.
2. Integrates findings and concepts and sketches design ideas.
3. Prepares detailed drawings, illustrations, artwork, or blueprints, using drawing instruments or paints and brushes.
4. Designs packaging and containers for products, such as foods, beverages, toiletries, or medicines.
5. Evaluates design ideas for feasibility based on factors, such as appearance, function, serviceability, budget, production costs/methods, and market characteristics.
6. Creates and designs graphic material for use as ornamentation, illustration, or advertising on manufactured materials and packaging.
7. Presents design to customer or design committee for approval and discusses need for modification.
8. Modifies design to conform with customer specifications, production limitations, or changes in design trends.
9. Reads publications, attends showings, and studies traditional, period, and contemporary design styles and motifs to obtain perspective and design concepts.
10. Directs and coordinates preparation of detailed drawings from sketches or fabrication of models or samples.
11. Fabricates model or sample in paper, wood, glass, fabric, plastic, or metal, using hand and power tools.
12. Prepares itemized production requirements to produce item.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
60 Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems
60 Fine Arts
Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture
55 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
45 Education and Training
Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles
40 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
40 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
30 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
30 Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques
30 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders
25 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
25 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
20 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
20 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
15 Foreign Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation
15 History and Archeology
Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures
15 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics
10 Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures
10 Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems
10 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations
5 Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects
5 Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture
Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
96 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
92 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
92 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
88 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
88 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
83 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
83 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
83 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
83 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
79 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
79 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
75 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
75 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
75 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
71 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
71 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
67 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
Using mathematics to solve problems
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Talking to others to effectively convey information
67 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
63 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
Using scientific methods to solve problems
63 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
58 Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures
58 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
Persuading others to approach things differently
50 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
50 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
50 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
50 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
Teaching others how to do something
42 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
42 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
Writing computer programs for various purposes
17 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
4 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
90 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
80 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
80 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
80 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
75 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
70 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
70 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
70 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
65 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
65 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
60 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
60 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
60 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
55 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
55 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
55 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
50 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
50 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
40 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
35 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
35 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
30 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
30 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
30 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
30 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
30 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
30 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
25 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
25 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
25 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
20 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
20 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
20 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
20 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
20 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
20 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
15 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
15 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
10 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
10 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
10 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
10 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
5 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
5 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
92 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
92 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
88 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
88 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
79 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
79 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
75 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
71 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
67 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
67 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
58 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
54 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
54 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
50 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
50 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
50 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
46 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
46 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
42 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
38 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
33 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
33 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
29 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
29 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
29 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
25 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
25 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
25 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
21 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
21 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
17 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
13 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
8 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
8 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
4 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
4 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
4 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
4 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
100 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
76 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
76 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
70 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
65 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
64 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
60 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
57 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
55 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
53 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
53 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
52 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
48 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
43 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
36 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
35 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
35 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
34 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
33 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
32 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
30 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
30 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
30 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
26 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
25 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
25 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
24 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
20 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
20 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
17 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
17 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
16 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
16 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
16 (D) Diseases or Infections
If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
15 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
15 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
15 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
15 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
15 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
12 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
10 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
10 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
10 (F) Diseases or Infections
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
10 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
10 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
9 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
6 (L) Diseases or Infections
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
5 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?
5 (F) Radiation
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?
3 (L) Radiation
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to radiation while performing this job?
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
91 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
81 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
70 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
61 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
55 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
54 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
91 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
78 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
72 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
69 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
Workers on this job have steady employment
69 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job do their work alone
66 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
31 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
28 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
142061054 Stained Glass Artist
142061026 Industrial Designer
142061014 Cloth Designer
142061030 Memorial Designer
142061010 Bank-Note Designer
142081018 Package Designer
141061038 Commercial Designer
142061034 Ornamental-Metalwork Designer
142061038 Safety-Clothing-and-Equipment Developer
142061022 Furniture Designer
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
0640 BANK-NOTE DESIGNER
0013 COMMERCIAL DESIGNER
0016 INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER
0382 STAINED GLASS ARTIST
0081 CLOTH DESIGNER
0225 FURNITURE DESIGNER
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
200501 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers and Consultants, G
500407 Fashion Design and Illustration
500404 Industrial Design
500402 Graphic Design, Commercial Art and Illustration
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
010203 Visual Arts: Commercial Art
050107 Engineering: Design
010601 Craft Arts: Graphics Arts and Related Crafts
010202 Visual Arts: Studio Art
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
1084 Visual Information
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers