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TITLE: Computer Programmers
DEFINITION: Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. Develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.
1. Analyzes, reviews, and rewrites programs, using workflow chart and diagram, applying knowledge of computer capabilities, subject matter, and symbolic logic.
2. Converts detailed logical flow chart to language processible by computer.
3. Resolves symbolic formulations, prepares flow charts and block diagrams, and encodes resultant equations for processing.
4. Develops programs from workflow charts or diagrams, considering computer storage capacity, speed, and intended use of output data.
5. Prepares or receives detailed workflow chart and diagram to illustrate sequence of steps to describe input, output, and logical operation.
6. Compiles and writes documentation of program development and subsequent revisions.
7. Revises or directs revision of existing programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements.
8. Consults with managerial and engineering and technical personnel to clarify program intent, identify problems, and suggest changes.
9. Writes instructions to guide operating personnel during production runs.
10. Prepares records and reports.
11. Collaborates with computer manufacturers and other users to develop new programming methods.
12. Assists computer operators or system analysts to resolve problems in running computer program.
13. Assigns, coordinates, and reviews work and activities of programming personnel.
14. Trains subordinates in programming and program coding.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
100 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
71 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
71 Education and Training
Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
50 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
46 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
38 Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems
33 Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques
Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
25 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
13 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
13 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
8 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
8 Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects
8 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
8 Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations
4 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
4 History and Archeology
Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures
4 Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
Writing computer programs for various purposes
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
79 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
79 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
75 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
71 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
71 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
71 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
67 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
67 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
Talking to others to effectively convey information
63 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
58 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
58 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
54 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
54 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
Teaching others how to do something
54 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
Using mathematics to solve problems
50 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
50 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
50 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
46 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
46 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
42 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
42 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
42 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
38 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
38 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
33 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Using scientific methods to solve problems
25 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
25 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
21 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
Persuading others to approach things differently
8 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
92 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
88 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
88 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
88 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
83 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
83 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
79 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
75 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
75 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
71 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
67 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
67 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
67 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
63 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
58 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
58 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
54 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
54 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
50 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
50 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
42 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
42 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
38 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
38 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
33 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
33 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
33 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
29 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
29 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
21 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
21 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
21 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
17 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
17 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
13 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
13 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
13 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
8 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
8 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
8 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
4 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
4 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
4 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
4 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
4 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
4 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
96 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
92 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
88 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
83 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
79 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
79 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
79 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
79 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
75 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
75 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
71 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
71 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
71 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
67 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
63 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
63 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
63 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
63 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
63 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
63 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
63 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
63 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
58 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
54 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
54 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
54 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
54 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
50 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
50 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
42 Staffing Organizational Units
Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.
42 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
42 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
38 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
29 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
29 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
21 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
13 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
13 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
8 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
4 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
100 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
87 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
83 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
79 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
77 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
69 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
63 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
56 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
52 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
50 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
47 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
42 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
42 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
38 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
38 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
37 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
36 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
33 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
29 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
27 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
23 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
20 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
20 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
17 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
17 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
17 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
17 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
17 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
13 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
13 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
13 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
10 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
10 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
8 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
7 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
4 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
4 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
3 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
2 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
78 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
73 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
68 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
64 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
63 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
57 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
81 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
75 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
72 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
69 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job are busy all the time
66 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
66 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job do their work alone
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
50 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
47 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
030167010 Chief, Computer Programmer
030162018 Programmer, Engineering and Scientific
030162010 Computer Programmer
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
0811 COMPUTER PROGRAMMER
0949 PROGRAMMER, ENGR & SCIENTI
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
229 Computer Programmers
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
110201 Computer Programming
521202 Business Computer Programming/Programmer
521201 Management Information Systems and Business Data Processing,
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
110101 Mathematics and Statistics: Data Processing Design
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
9740 Digital Computer System Programmer
9710 ADP Programs Officer
9740 Digital Computer System Programmer
9710 ADP Programs Officer
3C032 Communications-Computer Systems Programming
3C012 Communications-Computer Systems Programming
CE Command, Control, & Communic.-Assembly Lang. Program.
3C052 Communications-Computer Systems Programming
3C072 Communications-Computer Systems Programming
53B Systems Automation Engineering
CD Command, Control, & Communic.-Comp. App. Programmer
53A Systems Automation Management
22 Data Processing
4063 Cobol Programmer
4099 Data Processing Chief
9981 Tactical Data Systems Specialist
2777 Tactical Support Center (TSC) Data Processing System Operator
2743 Computer Programmer (FORTRAN)
4067 Programmer, Ada
4066 Small Computer Systems Specialist (Scss)
4000 Basic Data Systems Marine
9301 Entry Level Programmer/Analyst
9982 Small Computer Systems Operator/Programmer
2732 SNAP III Automated Information Systems (AIS) Resource Technician
DP Data Processing Technicians
9174 Classic Wizard Configuration Maintenance Analyst
33S3C Communications and Information
33S1C Communications and Information
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
25105 Computer Programmers
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
0334 Computer Specialist
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
15-1021 Computer Programmers