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TITLE: College and University Administrators
DEFINITION: Plan, direct, and coordinate research and instructional programs at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges. Exclude college presidents.
1. Establishes operational policies and procedures and develops academic objectives.
2. Directs work activities of personnel engaged in administration of academic institutions, departments, and alumni organizations.
3. Meets with academic and administrative personnel to disseminate information, identify problems, monitor progress reports, and ensure adherence to goals/objectives.
4. Evaluates personnel and physical plant operations, student programs, and statistical and research data to implement procedures or modifications to administrative policies.
5. Advises staff and students on problems relating to policies, program administration, and financial and personal matters, and recommends solutions.
6. Estimates and allocates department funding based on financial success of previous courses and other pertinent factors.
7. Completes and submits operating budget for approval, controls expenditures, and maintains financial reports and records.
8. Consults with staff, students, alumni, and subject experts to determine needs/feasibility, and to formulate admission policies and educational programs.
9. Represents college/university as liaison officer with accrediting agencies and to exchange information between academic institutions and in community.
10. Determines course schedules and correlates room assignments to ensure optimum use of buildings and equipment.
11. Confers with other academic staff to explain admission requirements and transfer credit policies, and compares course equivalencies to university/college curriculum.
12. Negotiates with foundation and industry representatives to secure loans for university and identify costs and materials for building construction.
13. Recruits, employs, trains, and terminates department personnel.
14. Reviews student misconduct reports requiring disciplinary action and counsels students to ensure conformance to university policies.
15. Coordinates alumni functions and encourages alumni endorsement of recruiting and fund raising activities.
16. Plans and promotes athletic policies, sports events, ticket sales, and student participation in social, cultural, and recreational activities.
17. Assists faculty and staff to conduct orientation programs, teach classes, issue student transcripts, and prepare commencement lists.
18. Audits financial status of student organization and facility accounts and certifies income reports from event ticket sales.
19. Advises student organizations, sponsors faculty activities, and arranges for caterers, entertainers, and decorators at scheduled events.
20. Selects and counsels candidates for financial aid and coordinates issuing and collecting student aid payments.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
100 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
88 Education and Training
Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles
79 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
75 Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems
75 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
63 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
58 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
54 Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems
Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders
46 Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques
46 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
38 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
33 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
33 Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
25 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
21 Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture
Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics
17 History and Archeology
Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
8 Foreign Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
4 Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures
4 Fine Arts
Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture
4 Food Production
Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting of food for consumption including crop rotation methods, animal husbandry, and food storage/handling techniques
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
92 Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures
92 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
92 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
Talking to others to effectively convey information
83 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
83 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
83 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
79 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
79 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
79 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
79 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
75 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
75 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
75 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
75 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
75 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
71 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
71 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
Using mathematics to solve problems
71 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
67 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
67 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
67 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
63 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
Persuading others to approach things differently
54 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
46 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
42 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
Teaching others how to do something
25 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
Using scientific methods to solve problems
17 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
8 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
4 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
96 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
92 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
92 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
92 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
92 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
79 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
79 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
79 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
75 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
71 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
71 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
71 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
71 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
58 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
54 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
50 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
50 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
46 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
42 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
42 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
33 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
33 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
29 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
25 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
21 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
17 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
13 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
13 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
13 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
8 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
8 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
8 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
8 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
8 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
4 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
4 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
4 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
4 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
4 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
4 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
96 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
96 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
92 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
92 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
92 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
88 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
88 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
88 Staffing Organizational Units
Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.
83 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
83 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
83 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
79 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
79 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
79 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
79 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
79 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
75 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
75 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
71 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
71 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
71 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
67 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
67 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
67 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
67 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
67 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
63 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
63 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
58 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
58 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
58 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
54 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
50 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
46 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
29 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
25 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
17 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
17 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
4 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
83 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
83 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
77 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
77 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
75 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
71 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
67 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
64 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
63 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
63 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
58 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
57 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
55 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
50 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
50 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
50 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
50 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
47 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
44 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
39 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
38 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
38 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
38 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
29 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
21 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
17 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
17 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
17 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
17 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
13 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
13 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
13 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
10 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
8 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
8 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
8 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
7 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
7 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
7 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
4 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?
4 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
3 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
2 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
80 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
73 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
72 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
68 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
58 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
52 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
88 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
88 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
84 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
75 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
59 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
56 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
47 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job do their work alone
22 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
090167030 Registrar, College or University
090117030 Financial-Aid Officer
090117026 Director, Extension Work
090117022 Director, Athletic
090117014 Alumni Secretary
090167010 Department Head, College or University
090167026 Director, Summer Sessions
090167022 Director of Student Affairs
090167018 Director of Institutional Research
090167014 Director of Admissions
186117010 Business Manager, College or University
090117010 Academic Dean
090117018 Dean of Students
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
014 Administrators, Education and Related Fields
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
130403 Adult and Continuing Education Administration
130401 Education Administration and Supervision, General
130101 Education, General
130407 Community and Junior College Administration
131102 College/Postsecondary Student Counseling and Personnel Servi
130603 Educational Statistics and Research Methods
130406 Higher Education Administration
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
110502 Business Administration: Administrative Specialization
100102 Social Services: Counseling and Social Work
110703 Services Administration: Education Services
110902 Promotion: Fund and Membership Solicitation
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
3283 School Administrator
3215 Education/Training Planning and Program Officer (General)
3283 School Administrator
3215 Education/Training Planning and Program Officer (General)
47A USMA Permanent Professor
81C0 Training Commander, Officer Training School
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
15005 Education Administrators
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
1750 Instructional Systems
1015 Museum Curator
1710 Education and Vocational Training
1701 General Education and Training
0406 Agricultural Extension
1722 School Administration
1740 Education Services
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary