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CODE: 93953
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TITLE: Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

DEFINITION: Grind and polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a wide variety of metal, stone, clay, plastic, and glass objects or parts. Include grinders and chippers, polishers and buffers, metal sanders and finishers, glass grinders and polishers, and plastic buffers and finishers. Exclude precision-level workers.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Grinds, sands, cleans, or polishes objects or parts, using hand tools or equipment.

    2. Moves controls to adjust, start, or stop equipment during grinding and polishing process.

    3. Trims, scrapes or deburrs objects or parts, using hand tools or equipment.

    4. Selects, loads, and adjusts workpiece or abrasive parts onto equipment or worktable, using hand tools.

    5. Observes and inspects equipment, objects, or parts, to ensure specifications are met.

    6. Measures and marks equipment, objects, or parts, to ensure grinding and polishing standards are met.

    7. Applies solutions and chemicals to equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.

    8. Removes workpiece from equipment or work table, using hand tools.

    9. Repairs and maintains equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.

    10. Sharpens abrasive grinding tools, using machines and hand tools.

    11. Transfers equipment, objects, or parts, to specified work areas, using moving devices.

    12. Records product and processing data on specified forms.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    58 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    54 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    50 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    42 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    38 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    38 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    29 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    21 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    21 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    21 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    13 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    8 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    8 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    4 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    4 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    4 Fine Arts
    Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture

    4 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    63 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    58 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    50 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    50 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    46 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    46 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    33 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    29 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    29 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    25 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    21 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    21 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    21 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    21 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    17 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    17 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    13 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    13 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    13 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    8 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    8 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    8 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    8 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    8 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    4 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    4 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    4 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    4 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    4 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    60 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    60 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    50 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    45 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    40 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    40 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    40 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    40 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    35 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    35 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    35 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    35 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    30 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    30 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    30 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    30 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    30 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    25 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    25 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    25 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    20 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    20 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    20 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    20 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    20 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    20 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    20 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    15 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    15 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    10 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    10 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    10 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    10 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    10 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    10 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    5 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    5 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    5 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    5 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    5 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    5 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    5 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    5 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    5 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    95 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    85 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    70 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    70 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    65 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    65 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    60 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    55 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    50 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    35 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    30 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    25 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    25 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    25 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    25 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
    Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    25 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    20 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    20 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    20 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    15 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    15 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    15 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    15 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    10 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    10 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    10 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    10 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    5 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    5 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    5 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    5 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    5 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    5 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    5 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    5 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    5 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    5 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    5 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    5 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    5 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    5 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    5 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    85 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    80 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    80 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    70 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    65 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    60 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    60 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    60 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    55 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    52 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    52 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    48 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    45 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    40 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    40 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    38 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    37 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    35 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    33 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    32 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    30 (F) Whole Body Vibration
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Whole body vibration (e.g., operating a jackhammer or earthmoving equipment)?

    30 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    25 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    25 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    24 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    23 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    20 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    20 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    20 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    20 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    17 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    16 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    15 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    11 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    10 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    7 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    5 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    4 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    28 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    17 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    17 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    53 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    45 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    40 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    34 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    23 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    23 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    88 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    66 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    56 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    56 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    53 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    50 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    50 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    41 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    34 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    34 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    34 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    34 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    34 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    28 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    28 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    22 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    22 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    22 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    19 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    3 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    3 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

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    752684022 Buffer
    775684054 Patch Sander
    774687022 Ware Cleaner
    761684010 Golf-Club Facer
    779684030 Inspector-Repairer, Sandstone
    775684014 Edger, Hand
    770684014 Jewel-Hole Cornerer
    715687110 Reamer, Center Hole
    739684074 Frame Repairer
    754684030 Finisher, Hand
    770684018 Rough Opener, Jewel Hole
    761687010 Sander, Hand
    754684018 Bit Shaver
    519684018 Mold Dresser
    705684062 Polisher and Buffer II
    715684038 Burnisher, Balance Wheel Arm
    705484014 Final Finisher, Forging Dies
    705684034 Metal Finisher
    715684106 Hand Filer, Balance Wheel
    700687058 Polisher
    715584018 Stoner, Hand
    705684054 Pipe Buffer
    705684046 Needle Polisher
    705684030 Grinder-Chipper I
    713687034 Polisher, Implant
    703687022 Steel-Barrel Reamer
    709381026 Mold Stamper and Repairer
    705684050 Nib Finisher
    715684042 Burrer
    705687018 Metal Sander and Finisher
    705687014 Laborer, Grinding and Polishing
    705684038 Mold Finisher
    706684098 Valve Grinder
    705384010 Scraper, Hand
    705684026 Grinder I
    700684034 Filer
    705484010 Filer, Hand, Tool
    705684022 Grease Buffer
    709684058 Reamer, Hand

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 709 Grinding, Abrading, Buffing, and Polishing Machine Operators
    889 Laborers, except Construction
    795 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations
    768 Crushing and Grinding Machine Operators
    785 Assemblers
    715 Miscellaneous Metal, Plastic, Stone and Glass Working Machin
    704 Lathe and Turning Machine Operators

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 470408 Watch, Clock and Jewelry Repairer
    480701 Woodworkers, General
    480507 Tool and Die Maker/Technologist
    470402 Gunsmith
    480503 Machine Shop Assistant
    460101 Mason and Tile Setter
    470603 Auto/Automotive Body Repairer
    480508 Welder/Welding Technologist
    470404 Musical Instrument Repairer
    480599 Precision Metal Workers, Other
    480702 Furniture Designer and Maker
    480799 Woodworkers, Other

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 060424 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
    060433 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Brushing, Spraying, and Coati
    051218 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Cleaning and Maintenance
    050507 Craft Technology: Machining
    060430 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060224 Production Work: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
    060425 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Wood
    051001 Crafts: Structural
    060408 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060230 Production Work: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060225 Production Work: Manual Work, Wood
    060434 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Assorted Materials

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): No crosswalks

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand


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    Revised 20-Aug-15

    CTR-DEC1995