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TITLE: Wig Makers
DEFINITION: Lay out, sew, and fasten materials and hair strands to make wigs.
1. Folds, glues, and pins hair strands to secure position on foundation.
2. Hooks strands of hair into foundation holes, using ventilating needle.
3. Arranges, weaves and sews hair in specified position to form hairpieces, such as braids, switches, and chignons.
4. Selects strands of hair and combs, cuts, and blends them, according to specified length and color.
5. Draws or pins wig pattern on model head.
6. Places sections of foundation material over pattern and molds it to model or sews sections together to form wig foundation.
7. Designs wig style according to specifications, using tape, pins, comb, and rods.
8. Dries hair under electric drier and sprays wig with lacquer to set a hair style.
9. Repairs damaged or worn wigs and hairpieces.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
60 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
35 Fine Arts
Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
15 Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
10 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
5 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
45 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
35 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
35 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
30 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
25 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
25 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
25 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
25 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
20 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
20 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
20 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
20 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
20 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
15 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
15 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
15 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
15 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Using mathematics to solve problems
10 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
10 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
10 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
10 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
10 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
5 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
5 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
Talking to others to effectively convey information
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
85 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
80 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
80 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
75 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
70 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
70 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
60 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
55 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
40 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
35 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
35 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
35 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
35 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
30 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
30 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
30 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
25 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
25 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
25 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
25 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
25 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
25 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
25 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
25 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
25 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
20 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
20 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
15 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
15 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
15 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
15 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
15 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
15 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
15 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
10 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
10 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
10 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
10 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
10 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
5 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
5 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
5 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
5 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
5 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
5 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
70 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
60 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
50 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
50 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
45 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
45 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
40 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
40 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
35 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
35 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
30 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
25 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
25 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
25 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
25 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
20 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
15 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
10 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
10 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
5 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
5 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
5 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
5 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
5 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
100 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
90 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
80 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
56 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
55 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
53 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
48 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
45 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
44 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
40 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
40 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
40 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
35 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
30 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
28 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
25 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
25 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
23 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
20 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
20 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
20 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
20 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
17 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
16 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
15 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
12 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
12 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
11 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
10 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
10 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
10 (F) Diseases or Infections
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
10 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
10 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
8 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
7 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
5 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
5 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
4 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
4 (D) Diseases or Infections
If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
4 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
3 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
3 (L) Diseases or Infections
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
52 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
51 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
47 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
30 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
81 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job do their work alone
59 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
50 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job are busy all the time
47 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
47 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
41 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
38 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
19 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
739381058 Wig Maker
739381042 Mannequin Wig Maker
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
684 Miscellaneous Precision Workers, N.E.C.
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
060104 Production Technology: Precision Hand Work
050515 Craft Technology: Custom Sewing, Tailoring, and Upholstering
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
3341 Scale Building, Installing, and Repairing
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||