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CODE: 87714A
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TITLE: Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators

DEFINITION: Operate track-mounted equipment used to lay, repair, and maintain railroad tracks.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Drives vehicle that automatically moves and lays track or rails over section of track to be constructed, repaired, or maintained.

    2. Pushes control to close grasping device on track or rail section to raise or move section to specified location.

    3. Engages mechanism that lays track or rail to specified gauge.

    4. Adjusts controls of machines that spread, shape, raise, level, and align track, according to specifications.

    5. Turns wheels of machine, using lever controls, to adjust guidelines for track alignments and grades, following specifications.

    6. Strings and attaches wire-guidelines machine to rails to level or align track or rails.

    7. Drives graders, tamping machines, brooms, and ballast-cleaning-spreading machines to redistribute gravel and ballast between rails.

    8. Observes leveling indicator arms to verify levelness and alignment of track.

    9. Lubricates machines, changes oil, and fills hydraulic reservoirs to specified levels.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    71 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    71 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    42 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    38 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    33 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    29 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    17 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    17 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    13 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    13 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    13 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    8 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    8 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    8 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    4 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    4 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    4 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    4 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    4 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    92 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    71 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    67 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    63 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    46 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    46 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    38 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    38 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    33 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    33 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    29 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    25 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    21 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    21 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    21 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    21 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    21 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    21 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    17 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    17 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    17 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    17 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    17 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    13 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    13 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    13 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    8 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    8 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    8 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    8 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    8 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    8 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    4 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    4 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    4 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    4 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    4 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    4 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    70 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    65 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    60 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    40 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    35 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    35 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    35 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    35 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    30 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    30 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    30 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    30 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    25 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    25 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    25 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    25 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    25 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    25 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    25 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    20 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    20 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    20 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    20 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    20 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    20 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    15 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    15 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    15 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    15 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    15 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    15 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    15 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    15 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    10 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    10 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    10 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    10 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    10 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    10 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    10 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    10 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    5 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    5 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    5 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    5 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    5 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    5 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    5 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    5 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
    Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    88 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    75 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    71 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    67 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    54 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    50 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    50 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    46 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    46 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    42 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    29 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    25 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    25 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    25 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    21 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    17 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    17 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    13 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    13 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    8 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    8 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    4 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    4 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    4 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    4 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    88 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    81 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    80 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    75 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    75 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    71 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    69 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    63 (F) Whole Body Vibration
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Whole body vibration (e.g., operating a jackhammer or earthmoving equipment)?

    63 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    63 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    63 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    63 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    61 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    55 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    50 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    50 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    50 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    46 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    45 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    44 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    44 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    40 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    39 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    38 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    38 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    35 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    31 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    25 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    25 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    25 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    17 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    17 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    15 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    15 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    10 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    10 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    7 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    7 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    7 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    6 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    6 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    6 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    6 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    6 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    5 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    5 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    4 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    28 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    28 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    11 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    57 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    45 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    41 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    31 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    24 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    17 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    88 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    63 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    56 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    53 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    50 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    47 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    47 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    44 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    44 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    38 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    34 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    28 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    28 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    28 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    25 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    25 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    22 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    16 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    13 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    9 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    3 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 910683018 Track-Surfacing-Machine Operator
    859683018 Railway-Equipment Operator
    910663010 Track-Moving-Machine Operator

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 599 Construction Trades, N.E.C.
    594 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 490202 Construction Equipment Operator

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 051101 Equipment Operation: Construction

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 87714 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 3546 Railroad Repairing
    5738 Railroad Maintenance Vehicle Operating

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators


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