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CODE: 87502A
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TITLE: Pipe Fitters

DEFINITION: Lay out, assemble, install, and maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, and related hydraulic and pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, and industrial production and processing systems.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Plans pipe system layout, installation, or repair according to specifications.

    2. Cuts, threads, and hammers pipe to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, and pipe threaders and benders.

    3. Attaches pipes to walls, structures and fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools or welding equipment.

    4. Modifies and maintains pipe systems and related machines and equipment components following specifications, using hand tools and power tools.

    5. Selects pipe sizes and types and related materials, such as supports, hangers, and hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.

    6. Measures and marks pipes for cutting and threading.

    7. Assembles pipes, tubes, and fittings, according to specifications.

    8. Inspects, examines, and tests installed systems and pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods.

    9. Lays out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, and related equipment, following blueprints.

    10. Inspects work site to determine presence of obstruction and ensure that holes will not cause structure weakness.

    11. Coats nonferrous piping materials by dipping in mixture of molten tin and lead to prevent erosion, or galvanic and electrolytic action.

    12. Cuts and bores holes in structures, such as bulkheads, decks, walls, and mains, using hand and power tools, prior to pipe installation.

    13. Turns valve to shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe section, using valve key or wrenches.

    14. Operates motorized pump to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    70 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    50 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    45 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    35 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    30 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    20 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    20 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    5 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    5 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    5 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    70 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    70 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    65 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    55 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    45 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    45 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    45 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    45 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    45 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    40 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    40 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    40 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    40 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    40 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    40 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    40 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    35 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    35 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    35 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    35 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    35 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    35 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    35 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    35 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    35 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    30 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    30 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    30 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    25 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    25 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    25 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    20 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    15 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    15 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    15 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    15 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    10 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    10 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    10 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    5 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    5 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    5 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    5 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    94 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    81 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    81 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    75 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    75 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    69 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    69 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    63 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    56 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    56 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    56 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    56 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    50 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    50 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    50 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    44 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    44 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    44 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    44 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    44 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    44 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    44 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    44 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    44 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    44 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    44 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    44 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    38 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    31 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    31 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    31 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    31 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    31 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    31 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    25 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    25 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    25 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    25 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    19 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    19 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    19 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    19 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    19 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    19 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    13 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    13 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    6 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    6 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    6 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    6 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    6 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    85 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    80 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    80 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    80 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    55 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    55 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    50 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    50 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    50 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    50 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    45 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    40 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    35 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    35 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    35 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    35 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    30 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    30 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    20 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    15 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    10 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    10 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    10 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    10 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    5 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    5 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    5 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    5 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    5 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    5 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    5 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    88 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    85 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    85 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    75 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    69 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    69 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    63 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    56 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    56 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    56 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    56 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    56 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    56 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    54 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    45 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    44 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    44 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    42 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    40 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    39 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    38 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    38 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    36 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    35 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    31 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    30 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    29 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    25 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    25 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    25 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    19 (F) Whole Body Vibration
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Whole body vibration (e.g., operating a jackhammer or earthmoving equipment)?

    19 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    19 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    19 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    17 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    15 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    14 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    14 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    13 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    13 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    13 (F) High Places
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    11 (L) High Places
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to high places while performing this job? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    10 (D) High Places
    If injury, due to exposure to high places, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    6 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    5 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    28 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    28 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    11 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    55 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    52 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    52 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    51 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    44 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    35 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    88 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    59 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    56 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    56 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    56 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    56 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    53 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    53 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    53 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    50 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    47 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    47 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    44 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    41 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    41 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    38 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    38 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    34 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    34 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    28 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    28 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 862381022 Pipe Fitter, Diesel Engine II
    862381014 Industrial-Gas Fitter
    862361022 Steam Service Inspector
    862361018 Pipe Fitter, Diesel Engine I
    862361014 Gas-Main Fitter
    862281026 Pipe-Fitter Apprentice
    862281022 Pipe Fitter
    862281014 Coppersmith Apprentice
    862281010 Coppersmith
    862261010 Pipe Fitter

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): 0412 PIPE FITTER (ship & boat)
    0091 COPPERSMITH (ship & boat)
    0964 GAS-MAIN FITTER
    0414 PIPE FITTER (const)
    0460 STEAM SERVICE INSPECTOR

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 585 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
    587 Plumber, Pipefitter, and Steamfitter Apprentices

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 460501 Plumber and Pipefitter

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 050503 Craft Technology: Plumbing and Pipefitting
    051001 Crafts: Structural

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): UT Utilitiesmen
    51K Plumber
    DC Damage Controlman
    HT Hull Maintenance Technicians

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 9839 Plumber
    4201 Miscellaneous Plumbing and Pipefitting
    4204 Pipefitting
    4206 Plumbing

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters


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