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CODE: 79017B
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TITLE: Farriers

DEFINITION: Fit, shape, and nail protective shoes to animals' hooves.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Trims and shapes hoof, using knife and snippers.

    2. Shapes shoe to fit hoof, using swage, forge, and hammer.

    3. Nails shoe to hoof and files hoof flush with shoe.

    4. Removes worn or defective shoe from animal's hoof, using nail snippers and pincers.

    5. Examines hoof to detect bruises and cracks and to determine trimming required.

    6. Measures hoof, using calipers and steel tape.

    7. Selects aluminum or steel shoe from stock, according to hoof measurements and purpose and requirements of use.

    8. Places leather pad, sponge, or pine tar mixture onto bruised or cracked hoof for protection.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    55 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    30 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    30 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    30 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    30 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    15 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    10 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    10 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    10 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    10 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    10 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    10 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    5 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    5 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    5 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    5 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    5 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    5 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    5 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    5 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    5 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    5 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    5 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    5 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    5 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    55 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    50 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    45 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    45 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    40 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    35 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    35 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    30 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    30 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    30 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    30 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    25 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    25 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    20 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    20 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    20 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    15 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    15 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    15 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    15 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    15 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    10 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    10 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    10 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    10 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    10 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    10 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    10 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    10 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    10 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    5 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    5 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    5 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    5 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    5 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    5 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    5 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    5 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    5 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    70 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    60 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    55 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    55 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    55 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    55 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    50 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    50 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    45 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    40 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    40 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    40 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    30 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    30 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    25 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    25 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    25 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    25 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    25 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    20 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    20 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    20 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    20 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    20 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    20 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    20 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    20 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    20 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    20 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    15 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    15 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    15 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    15 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    15 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    15 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    15 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    10 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    10 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    10 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    10 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    10 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    10 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    5 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    5 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    5 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    5 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    5 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    5 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    70 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    60 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    55 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    50 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    45 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    45 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    40 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    40 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    40 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    35 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    30 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    25 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    20 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    20 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    15 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    15 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    15 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    15 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    10 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    10 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    10 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    10 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    10 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    10 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    10 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    5 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    5 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    5 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    5 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    5 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    85 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    70 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    65 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    65 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    65 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    56 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    55 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    55 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    52 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    50 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    45 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    45 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    44 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    44 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    40 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    35 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    34 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    32 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    30 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    30 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    29 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    28 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    20 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    20 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    20 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    17 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    16 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    15 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    15 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    15 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    15 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    15 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    15 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    13 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    12 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    11 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    10 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    10 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    9 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    8 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    7 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    6 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    6 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    4 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    4 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    4 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    3 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    28 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    22 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    17 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    46 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    46 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    45 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    40 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    31 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    16 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    88 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    84 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    59 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    53 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    50 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    50 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    44 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    44 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    41 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    41 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    34 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    34 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    31 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    31 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    25 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    22 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    19 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    16 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    13 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    13 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    6 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 418381010 Horseshoer

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): 0235 HORSESHOER

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 487 Animal Caretakers, except Farm

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 010507 Equestrian/Equine Studies, Horse Management and Training
    010501 Agricultural Supplies Retailing and Wholesaling

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 030302 Animal Training and Service: Animal Service

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 5048 Animal Caretaking

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): No crosswalks


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