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CODE: 28102
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TITLE: Judges and Magistrates

DEFINITION: Judges: Arbitrate, advise, and administer justice in a court of law. Sentence defendant in criminal cases according to statutes of State or Federal government. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. Magistrates: Adjudicate criminal cases not involving penitentiary sentences and civil cases concerning damages below a sum specified by State law. May issue marriage licenses and perform wedding ceremonies.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Listens to presentation of case or allegations of plaintiff.

    2. Instructs jury on applicable law and directs jury to deduce facts from evidence presented.

    3. Sentences defendant in criminal cases, on conviction by jury, according to statutes of state or federal government.

    4. Establishes rules of procedure on questions for which standard procedures have not been established by law or by superior court.

    5. Conducts preliminary hearings in felony cases to determine reasonable and probable cause to hold defendant for further proceedings or trial.

    6. Awards judicial relief to litigants in civil cases in relation to findings by jury or by court.

    7. Examines evidence in criminal cases to determine if evidence will support charges.

    8. Performs wedding ceremonies.

    9. Rules on admissibility of evidence and methods of conducting testimony.

    10. Settles disputes between opposing attorneys.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    88 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    50 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    42 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    38 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    33 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    33 History and Archeology
    Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures

    33 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    29 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    29 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    29 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    25 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    21 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    21 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    21 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    17 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    17 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    8 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    8 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    8 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    4 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    4 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    4 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    4 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    4 Foreign Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation

    4 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    100 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    100 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    100 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    96 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    96 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    92 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    92 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    83 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    83 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    83 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    79 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    75 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    71 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    71 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    67 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    67 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    63 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    63 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    58 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    58 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    54 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    54 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    50 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    50 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    50 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    46 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    33 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    33 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    17 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    17 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    13 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    8 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    8 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    8 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    85 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    75 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    75 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    75 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    75 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    70 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    70 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    70 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    60 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    55 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    55 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    55 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    50 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    40 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    40 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    30 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    30 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    30 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    30 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    25 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    25 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    25 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    20 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    20 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    20 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    20 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    20 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    15 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    15 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    10 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    10 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    10 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    10 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    5 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    5 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    5 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    5 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    5 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    5 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    5 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    5 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    92 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    92 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    92 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    88 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    88 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    83 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    83 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    75 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    75 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    71 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    71 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    67 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    67 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    67 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    50 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    50 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    46 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    46 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    46 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    46 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    42 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    42 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    38 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    25 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    25 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    25 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    21 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    13 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    13 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    13 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    13 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    8 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    4 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    4 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    94 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    88 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    81 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    80 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    80 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    71 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    70 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    69 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    65 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    63 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    60 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    60 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    58 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    50 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    40 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    36 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    35 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    31 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    31 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    25 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    25 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    25 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    20 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    19 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    19 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    13 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    13 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    13 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    13 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    11 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    7 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    6 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    6 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    6 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    6 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    6 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    5 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    5 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    89 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    72 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    44 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    44 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    39 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    17 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    81 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    80 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    73 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    73 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    45 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    29 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    100 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    97 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    91 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    91 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    84 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    81 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    81 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    78 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    78 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    72 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    72 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    63 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    59 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    59 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    56 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    47 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    47 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    41 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    31 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    22 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    6 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 111107014 Magistrate
    111107010 Judge

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 179 Judges

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 220101 Law (LL.B., J.D.)

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 110401 Law: Justice Administration

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 2554 Military Judge, General Courts-Martial
    2556 Military Judge, Special Courts-Martial
    55B Military Judge
    4402 Judge Advocate
    51J3 Judge Advocate
    51J4 Judge Advocate

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 28102 Judges and Magistrates

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0930 Hearings and Appeals
    0935 Administrative Law Judge

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 23-1023 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates


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    Revised 20-Aug-15

    CTR-DEC1995