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CODE: 27108HBuy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM

TITLE: Counseling Psychologists

DEFINITION: Assess and evaluate individuals' problems through the use of case history, interview, and observation and provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Counsels clients to assist them in understanding personal or interactive problems, defining goals, and developing realistic action plans.

    2. Collects information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.

    3. Develops therapeutic and treatment plans based on individual interests, abilities, or needs of clients.

    4. Selects, administers, or interprets psychological tests to assess intelligence, aptitude, ability, or interests.

    5. Advises clients on the potential benefits of counseling or makes referrals to specialists or other institutions for non-counseling problems.

    6. Analyzes data, such as interview notes, test results, and reference manuals and texts to identify symptoms and diagnose the nature of client's problems.

    7. Evaluates results of counseling methods to determine the reliability and validity of treatments.

    8. Consults with other professionals to discuss therapy or treatment, counseling resources or techniques, and to share occupational information.

    9. Conducts research to develop or improve diagnostic or therapeutic counseling techniques.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    100 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    63 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    46 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    42 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    38 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    38 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    33 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    29 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    21 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    21 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    21 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    17 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    17 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    17 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    13 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    4 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    100 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    96 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    92 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    88 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    83 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    83 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    83 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    83 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    79 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    75 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    75 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    71 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    71 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    67 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    67 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    67 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    67 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    63 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    63 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    58 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    54 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    54 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    54 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    54 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    50 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    46 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    42 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    42 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    38 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    33 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    33 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    29 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    25 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    25 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    21 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    21 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    17 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    17 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    17 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    13 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    13 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    8 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    4 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    95 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    95 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    95 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    95 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    90 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    90 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    85 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    70 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    70 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    70 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    55 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    50 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    50 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    50 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    45 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    40 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    40 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    35 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    30 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    25 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    20 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    20 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    20 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    15 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    15 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    10 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    10 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    10 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    5 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    90 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    85 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    85 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    80 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    80 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    75 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    75 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    70 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    70 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    65 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    65 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    65 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    60 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    55 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    55 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    55 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    45 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    40 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    40 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    40 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    35 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    35 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    35 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    35 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    35 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    30 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    30 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    30 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    30 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    25 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    20 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    20 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    20 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    10 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    10 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    5 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    5 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    5 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
    Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    5 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    5 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    5 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    93 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    92 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    88 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    85 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    73 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    73 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    68 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    65 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    64 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    64 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    60 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    55 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    50 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    50 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    40 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    40 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    36 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    34 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    32 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    15 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    9 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    8 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    8 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    8 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    5 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    5 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    5 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    78 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    61 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    39 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    28 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    89 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    89 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    71 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    60 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    59 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    15 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    97 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    94 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    91 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    88 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    88 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    88 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    84 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    84 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    75 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    72 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    72 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    69 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    63 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    53 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    53 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    47 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    38 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    38 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    25 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    16 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    3 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 045107026 Psychologist, Counseling
    045107054 Counselor, Marriage and Family

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 167 Psychologists

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 420201 Clinical Psychology
    420101 Psychology, General
    131102 College/Postsecondary Student Counseling and Personnel Servi
    131101 Counselor Education Counseling and Guidance Services
    512705 Psychoanalysis
    420601 Counseling Psychology

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 100102 Social Services: Counseling and Social Work

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 0851 Clinical Psychologist
    0868 Social Worker
    73B Clinical Psychology
    42S1 Clinical Social Worker
    42S3 Clinical Social Worker
    61S1B Scientist
    42S4 Clinical Social Worker
    61S3B Scientist

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 27108 Psychologists

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0180 Psychology

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists